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Posts Tagged ‘Oracle Fusion Applications’

Part 2 of 2
LEVERAGING ORACLE PROJECTS TO MANAGE PERFORMANCE BASED REVENUE

As stated previously, the core principle in the new Standard requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration given in exchange for those goods or services.

Impact to Balance Sheet and Income Statement

When a contract is signed, an asset and a liability are created for the total amount of goods and services promised to the customer.

Upon fulfillment of an identifiable performance obligation (commonly referred to as a “deliverable”), the liability is reduced, and revenue is recognized when that performance obligation is satisfied and accepted by the customer.

When payment is received for the goods and services provided, the asset is reduced.

This new methodology differs from the previous generally accepted practice of recognizing revenue when the customer is billed, and a receivable is created.  No longer will a company track unbilled revenue streams.  Oracle Projects provides the ability to configure your projects to meet the requirements of Step 5 of the new ASC 606 guideline with standard functionality.

Step 5 of the Standard requires a two-step approach.   Using Oracle Projects, work is performed, and delivery is recorded.  Then, a process to Generate Draft Revenue for the projects is run to complete the recognition process.

The following is an example of how your company can leverage Oracle Projects to meet ASC 606 compliance.

Service Contracts based on selling hours (T&E)

  • Work Based Revenue Recognition
    • Standard Oracle functionality of Time & Expense Billing
    • Set up project and billing information

  • Identify the Performance Obligations and set up as Budget Lines for the contracted number of hours

  • Delivery Team Charges Time & Expenses to the Project

  1. Revenue based on hours charged
  2. Acceptance of work performed implicit when customer signs timecard
  3. Invoicing takes place when the timecard is approved. This process can precede the actual recognition of revenue as the performance obligation is not yet complete.
  4. As each phase of the project is finished, revenue is recognized.

Run the Generate Draft Revenue Process for your projects to recognize revenue

Perform Work and Record Delivery

  • T&M Service Contracts based on specific Deliverables
  • Fixed Price Service Contracts based on Milestones
    • Mark Deliverable as Complete. Mark Billing Action as Complete

Run the Generate Draft Revenue Process for your projects to recognize revenue:

T&M/Fixed Price Service Contracts

  • A Fixed Price Service Contract requires the use of Billing Events generated from deliverables to generate revenue.
  • Invoicing can be generated per the terms of the contract; however, revenue cannot be recognized until the performance obligation has been met.

Unit Price Based Contracts

Oracle Planning and Control offers the ability to utilize a structure called Schedule of Values (“SOV”).  The SOV allocates value for various parts of the work from a contractual agreement.  The SOV schedule is also used as the basis for monitoring progress, tracking deliverables, and submitting and reviewing payment certificates for billing the client.  The user can either enter a contract in Oracle Project Contracts, or directly enter one.  Once a project is created, it can be updated from Oracle Project Contracts or directly entered in Oracle Planning and Control.

  • Enter Progress and record quantity completed for each SOV Task
  • In this case, a task has been set up for each performance obligation under the contract. As the task is completed and accepted, revenue can be taken

  • Billing Events are generated from Schedule Of Values progress and are used to generate revenue

Recent Enhancements to Support ASC 606

Oracle has been supporting organizations implementing these changes in their business to accommodate the new Standard.  To aid in the implementation and management of project revenue according to the new accounting standards, new consolidated patch sets to Oracle Projects have been released.

For companies using Oracle EBS Projects Suite Release 12.1.3 and above and Release 12.2.7 and above, Oracle has issued a patch set specific to each release to support management of project revenue according to ASC 606.

Below you will find screen shots of some of the new standard functionality available with these changes, recently published by Oracle.  As you can see, Oracle Projects addresses set up, tracking and revenue recognition via the use of a new Structure for Performance Obligations.

The new processes allow for the user to enable the use of Performance Obligation, create said obligations, publish and track progress against the performance obligation and generate revenue in accordance with the new standards.

As you can see Oracle Projects provides the ability to configure your projects to meet the requirements of the new ASC 606 guideline with standard functionality.

Oracle Licensing Requirements

  • Project Costing and Billing are required for all features discussed in this paper
  • Project Planning and Control (formerly known as Project Management) must be implemented to leverage Deliverable functionality
  • Schedule of Values functions are available in Oracle Project Planning and Control release 12.2.5
  • Application of Patch sets as described in this paper to take advantage of the ability to record and track Performance Obligations

CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS

Contract modifications, commonly referred to as change orders or amendments, occur when the price or scope of a contract is changed.  Depending on the circumstances, these changes are accounted for either as a modification to an existing contract, or as a separate contract.  Proper accounting treatment for modifications differs based upon this determination.

There are three steps to determine the proper treatment for a contract modification.

Determine Whether the Change Qualifies as a Contract Modification – A contract modification is any change to an enforceable rights and obligations of the parties to the original contract.  The Standards defines this as a change in scope and/or price of the original contract.  It does not need to be written, it can also be oral or implied through customary business practices.  Once an entity determines that a change is indeed a contract modification, it determines whether to account for it as a change to the original contract or as a separate contract.

Determine Whether the Modification is a Separate Contract – To determine that a modification is a separate contract, these two criteria must be met.

  1. The scope of the contract has increased with the addition of distinct goods or services, and
  2. The price of the contract increased by an amount comparable to the entities standalone selling price of the additional goods or services. (Selling price less ordinary selling costs)

Determine the Proper Accounting Treatment for Contract Modifications – If a contract modification is considered a separate contract, no changes to the existing revenue on the original contract are required.  The new contract is recognized as the performance obligations in the new, separate contract are met.  However, if the contract modification is not considered separate, then the modification is combined with the original contract.  There are two methods defined in the Standard for proper revenue recognition of a combined contract modification.

  • Prospective Treatment

If the remaining goods/services are distinct from those of the original contract and do not meet the criteria for a separate contract, the entity treats the original contract as terminated and accounts for both the original contract and modifications together as a newly created contract (ASC 606-10-25-13).

Revenue already recognized on the original contract is not adjusted.  All remaining transactions are accounted for on a prospective basis.

  • Cumulative Catch-up Adjustment

If the remaining goods/services are not distinct, the entity combines the increase or decrease of goods or services with the original contract’s promised goods/services to create a single performance obligation that is partially completed at the date of the modification.  The entity must adjust previously recognized revenue to reflect the changes of the modification to the transaction price.

USING ORACLE PROJECTS TO MEET THE OBJECTIVES OF CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS AS DEFINED
IN ASC 606

Begin by increasing the amount of the Agreement on the project, then adding an additional funding line for the increased contract amount to the project tasks.

If the contract modification is Prospective, the Date Allocated should reflect the date from which revenue recognition will occur.

Create a Revenue Event using the new Date Allocated and run revenue generation processes.  The new revenue amount will begin as of the new date as indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the contract modification is cumulative, the Additional funding should be entered with the original Allocated Date.  When a new Revenue Event is created, use an event date that is retroactive to the original date.

 

The new revenue will “catch-up” in the currently open accounting period upon generation.

 

 

 

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We Will Partner With You to Assess Your Project Applications and Background Processes Inside and Out. 

Projects is the link that can penetrate your entire organization and requires careful analysis to maximize efficient operations.  If you are experiencing what appears to be a pain in your organization’s business process and applications, then now is the time to take another look and assess with the experts.

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With Your SIMPLE next steps to obtain Project Partners holistic approach to a full assessment and associated discount offer.

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 Project Partners Blog Author: Donna Dignam | Principal Functional Consultant 
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In April 2015, FASB (Financial Accounting Standards Board) issued ASU (Accounting Standards Update) 2015-05 to assist entities to determine when a customer in a cloud computing arrangement “CCA” (i.e. hosting arrangement) included a software license.

If a CCA includes a license to internal use software, the software license is accounted for by the customer as an intangible asset.  Basically, the intangible asset is recognized for the software license, and the payments or said license made over time are recognized as a liability.  If no software license is included in the contract, the company should account for the arrangement as a service contract, and the fees associated with the hosting service of the arrangement are expensed as incurred.

The Update did not give any guidance regarding the implementation costs for activities performed in a cloud computing arrangement as a service contract.  Since the FASB guidance in this area was not explicit, the Board decided to issue an Update to specifically address the resulting diversity in practice.

Who Is Affected by ASU 2018-154?

These Amendments on the accounting for implementation, setup and other upfront costs (commonly referred to as implementation costs) apply to entities that are a customer in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract.  Oracle Cloud computing arrangements where a license is sold to the customer along with a hosting arrangement with Oracle Cloud would be one such customer.

Main Provisions of ASU 20184

The Update’s intent is to align the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal use software and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license.  The current accounting for the service element of a hosting arrangement is not affected.

It is up to the company to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as an asset related to the service contract and which to expense.  Costs to develop or obtain internal use software that could not be capitalized under Subtopic 350-40, such as training costs and certain data conversion cost, also cannot be capitalized for a hosting arrangement that is a service contract.  The company in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract determines which project stage an implementation activity relates to.  Project stages include preliminary project stage, application development stage or post implementation stage.  Costs incurred for the application development stage are capitalized, while those costs related to the preliminary project stage or the post implementation stage are expensed as the activities are performed.

In addition, the company is required to amortize the capitalized implementation costs over the terms of the hosting arrangement.  The term of the hosting arrangement includes the noncancellable period of the arrangement plus periods covered by:

  1. Option to Extend – customer must be reasonable expected to exercise this option
  2. Option to Terminate the Arrangement – where the customer is reasonably expected NOT to exercise this option
  3. Option to Extend or Not to Terminate – where the vendor has control of exercising the option.

Impairment guidance, as if the costs were long-lived assets, and abandonment are to be applied based upon the existing guidance in SubTopics 350-40 and 360-10, respectively.

Income Statement presentation by the entity should be the same line item as the fees associated with the hosting service of the arrangement.  Similarly, classification of payments for capitalized implementation costs in the Statement of Cash Flows are done in the same manner as payments made for fees associated with the hosting arrangement.  In the Statement of Financial Position, capitalized implementation costs are presented in the same line item that a prepayment for fees associated to the hosting arrangement would be presented.

How is This Different and Why is it an Improvement?

Currently, GAAP does not specifically address accounting for implementation costs associated with a HASC.  Therefore, the Update improves current GAAP as it clarifies accounting and aligns the accounting for implementation costs for hosting arrangements, regardless of whether a license is conveyed.

For consulting firms, the new standards present an improved selling point as costs that were previously required to be expensed can now be capitalized.  For capital intensive industries, where cloud applications are being considered and dismissed due to financial considerations around increased expenses (and resulting decreased profitability metrics) due to cloud implementation, the new standard allows a way to capitalize the costs associated to both the license and the implementation and development costs around getting that application stood up.

When Does This New Update Take Affect?

For public entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021 are required.  Early adoption is permitted at any time.

The amendments in this Update should be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption.

Have Questions?
Simply reach out to us and our experts will immediately assist, provide additional information,
and answer any of your questions.

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Author: Wendy Lamar | Managing Principal Consultant | Project Partners
Oracle E-Business Suite R12 Project Certified Implementation Specialist


Through this three (3) part educational web-series, Project Partners will arm you with critical steps and insight into a Project Financials cost-effective solution. This unique solution offering will assist administratively burdened organizations like yours to effectively manage Project Financials around Capital spend through all phases of the Capital Lifecycle (Concept Definition, Funding Approvals, Execution, Reporting, and Managing Project Costs).

WHY CAPITAL PROJECTS? – WEBINAR REGISTRATION

CLICK TO REGISTER HERE for PART 2 of the three (3) part series as we explore the WHY and HOW to leverage EBS Project Financials for Capital Projects. We’ll walk you through the solution focused around project costing to your specific business requirements, robust functionality, and use of authorizations for expenditures to further efficiency gains and extensive return on investments.

MISSED PART 1?  Don’t Worry…CLICK HERE to get a downloadable recording so you will be up-to-speed!   

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Simply reach out to us and our experts will immediately assist, provide additional information, and ensure you have associated playbacks. We look forward to your attendance, and will set up a call to fully understand your needs, and offer next steps around a Project Financials cost-effective solution that best fits your organization.

P: #1.650.712.6203 Email: cfryc@projectp.com

 

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Will Partner With You to Assess Your Project Applications and Processes Inside and Out.

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Costing Standard Rates vs Actual Rates in Oracle Fusion™

Oracle Fusion Projects Portfolio Management (PPM) will cost labor transactions at a standard rate setup in the rate schedules. The rate could be at the person, job, or resource class level.

Oracle Fusion Payroll will cost labor transactions at an actual rate setup for the employee.

Assumptions that detail the example:

  • Actual salary $100 / pay period + $30 for Benefits
  • Employee charges 50/50 of time to direct/indirect
  • Standard Costing rate 120 & 30% for benefits applied as burden

The Payroll Transactions (Actual Costs)

The payroll transaction will be processed directly into the GL and will not pass through PPM.  There is no way to easily split the transactions across natural accounts for Direct & Indirect charges.  It will only transfer the salary and benefits transactions into separate natural accounts and look like the following:

The Project Portfolio Management Transactions (Standard Rate Costs)

The PPM transactions will also process directly into the GL and will not pass into Payroll.  PPM will split the transactions into Direct & Indirect costs.  If burden schedules are setup correctly, they will also separate the benefits & other overhead costs.

Balance Review When Closing the Period

Based on the above transactions, there are a few balances that need to be reviewed and reconciled at the end of the period.

An entry is needed at the end of the period to adjust the payroll variance and report accurately.  The labor variance measures the difference between the actual and expected cost of labor.

Financial Reporting

Finally, the financial report balances should include the variance account.  The table below shows the balances and will net to the $130 dollars from Payroll in our example:

If the rates are maintained accurately and regularly, the variances should remain small.

If the Labor Variance is favorable, the company paid less than its standard cost for the direct labor it used.

If the Labor Variance is unfavorable, the company paid more than its standard cost for the direct labor it used.

If there is a significant difference in either case, the standard labor rates or the burden rates need to be reviewed and updated.

The Labor Variance accounts along with the indirect labor cost accounts roll up to a summary indirect cost account, which is reported below the line in the P&L to derive net margins.

 

Questions? Contact us!

Project Partners has the experience to help you achieve the full potential of your Oracle Fusion Applications.

Visit our resource library for more Oracle insights

Project Partners Services Resource Planning (SRP) for Professional Services Organizations is a fixed price, rapid implementation solution for Oracle Cloud that provides proven business processes and embedded analytics to Professional Services Organizations and High Tech firms.

We use this solution to run our own business!

This template based industry solution provides PSO’s and High Tech firms the tools and unified platform required to empower them to improve their maturity, performance and profitability. Because it is a turnkey solution, customers will be up and live in only a few months.

Watch our SRP for Oracle ERP Cloud Overview video to learn how Project Partners Services Resource Planning for Professional Services Organizations delivers the following.

  • Reduced administration through seamless, project based operations, financial management, and automated accounting
  • Reduced project overruns and increased utilization through more accurate project planning, costing, budgeting and forecasting
  • Improved cash flow with higher quality data and accurate invoicing
  • Real-time visibility and collaboration across organizations to empower stakeholders

Learn more: Services Resource Planning for Oracle ERP Cloud video Series

The Southwest Regional Oracle Applications User Group will be hosting a conference on Friday, February 24 in Los Angeles, CA.  If you’d like to attend, visit their website here and click on “Conferences.”

At the SROAUG conference, Project Partners’ Neeraj Garg will be presenting Contract Based Project Billing with Fusion Project Portfolio Management

Neeraj will be presenting this content in his presentation:
Oracle Fusion Project Portfolio Management offers Project Contracts features that are part of the Fusion Enterprise Contracts model. Fusion Project Contracts offers sell side contracts functionality that helps to drive revenue and billing independent of project setup and execution. This presentation highlights the core features including a flexible approach to billing by contract lines, contract level summaries, consolidated bill plans, billing controls, improved user interface and improved process efficiencies.

If you can’t attend the conference in person, that’s not a problem!  You can view this presentation online here.

Businesses of various shapes and sizes across the globe continue to invest in and expand the footprint of their ERP applications. Much of this increased spend includes mission critical projects such as

1) Upgrades

2) Deploying new applications and

3) Migrating new businesses, acquired companies, countries and/or re-engineered processes into an existing “corporate” ERP.

So how do these companies begin the process? What are the key considerations in play to complete these daunting tasks within an Oracle ERP environment?

Oracle E-Business Suite Applications Releases 11i and R12, and Oracle Fusion Applications – the significant majority of existing Oracle ERP customers use these 3 applications suites.
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